November 24, 2022
Rabbit urine

What does Rabbit urine indicate about its health?

Know What does rabbit urine indicate about its health? Like human’s rabbit’s pee express a lot about their health. With the help of the color and consistency of your rabbit’s pee, you can determine the internal health of your rabbit. Rabbits are a pro when it comes to hiding disease, but their urine can tell you a lot about their digestive system. Unfortunately, many rabbit owners are not aware; what does rabbit urine indicate about its health?

That’s why we are here to rescue the unaware rabbit owners. This article is undoubtedly for you if you are a first-time rabbit owner. Today’s blog post will tell you about the pee color of a healthy rabbit, what does rabbit urine indicates about its health, symptoms of urinary tract infection, and is rabbit urine harmful to humans. So let’s get into the discussion without wasting any more time.

Ideally, the color of a healthy rabbit’s pee should be yellow. The color of your rabbit’s pee is more likely to change when you add something to your rabbit’s diet. If you have introduced some new veggie or fruit to your rabbit’s diet, then your rabbit’s urine color may change.

What affects your Rabbit’s pee?

Diet, water consumption, the stress level in your rabbit’s body influences the shade of your rabbit’s pee. So adding a new veggie or fruits or anything else or deduction of something from the diet can change your rabbit’s pee. If the rabbit’s pee is clear and doesn’t contain any cloudy, chalky, and blood substance in it, your rabbit is healthy. Consistency of the pee is more important than the color of the pee, and your rabbit should be easily able to pass urine. Besides this, regular change in rabbit’s pee color is not a good sign.

What does Rabbit urine indicate about its health?

In an ideal situation where your rabbit is getting a healthy diet and remains hydrated, the color of the rabbit’s pee looks yellow. In case your rabbit’s urine has a concentration of a chalky substance in it, then it means that you are feeding excessive calcium to your rabbit.

At this point, changes in your rabbit’s diet will work, so if you cut some amount of calcium in your bunny’s diet, the color will get back to normal. When you feed too much calcium to your bunny, the rabbit will likely have cloudy urine. It’s the first symptom and indicates that the modification you have made to your bunny’s diet needs a second thought.

When you ignore the first symptom of cloudy urine, the other symptoms will show up like chalky substances. Ignoring the changing urine color in a rabbit’s litter box is always a bad idea. If the color of your rabbit’s pee is unusual for an extended period, then take the hint and visit the vet.

In case the color of your rabbit’s pee is red, then there’s nothing to panic about. Though it is obvious to misinterpret the red color as blood, that’s not the case; it is rarely related to blood. The red color in rabbits’ urine is the pigmentation of their bladder. However, if your rabbit has thinned pink urine and fragmentation of red particles, it means that the bunny needs immediate attention.

What to do if your Rabbit’s urine is coming out as sludge?

Two reasons can cause sludgy urine. Sludgy urine of rabbits isn’t normal; it’s an early symptom of Calciuria. Calciuria is followed by thick consistency in urine. Excessive consumption of calcium in the diet by the rabbit develops this situation in rabbits.

Let’s understand Calciuria this way; like humans, rabbits also need to consume calcium for strong and healthy bones, and they need calcium only in a small amount. Technically the calcium ingested by rabbits is filtered by their kidneys. When rabbit’s consume calcium in abundance, it starts getting thick inside the bunny’s body. That’s what makes the consistency of rabbit’s urine thick.

At the initial stage, your bunny will have cloudy urine and may contain some chalky substance in their urine. If your rabbit has sludgy urine, it needs to get treated because it may have dangerous complications if left untreated. Untreated calciuria leads to cystitis and bladder stones.

How to tackle this issue?

Dietary changes in rabbits can easily tackle this problem. All you have to do is regulate and minimize the calcium intake of your bunny by making some dietary changes. Consider making the following dietary changes: –

Stop feeding alfalfa hay to your rabbit; this hay is rich in calcium but low in fibrous content. The young rabbits need to consume an ample amount of alfalfa hay, but adult rabbits don’t need to eat this hay. Consider substituting alfalfa hay with timothy hay or meadow hay. Rabbits have a habit of munching; you will always find them chewing hay. Timothy hay and meadow hay are safe to consume, which means that your bunny can chew these hays all day without any worries.

Evaluate your rabbit’s diet and see how much high calcium food you are feeding to the poor bunny. Check the amount of lettuce, soyabean, and spinach to feed your bunny. All these food have high calcium concentrations.

Never feed more than one calcium-rich food at a time. While serving the food or giving a treat to your bunny, make sure that you don’t provide your bunny with high calcium food twice or thrice. If you have given soya beans in lunch, avoid calcium-rich food in the treat. This way, you will be easily able to cut and monitor the calcium intake of your bunny.

By using these measures, you will be able to cut the excess calcium in the diet, but for removing the concentrated calcium the rabbit needs to exercise more. Exercises will give a kick boost to the kidneys to filter and flush out excessive calcium, thus minimizing the risk of internal damage.

What will happen if you ignore Calciuria?

Ignoring the problem will only worsen the situation, and if you ignore Calciuria, it can have tremendous implications.

It may thicken the rabbit’s pee leading to cystitis and bladder stones. Bladder stones can lead to blockage, making the urine pass painful and uncomfortable for the rabbit. Within a few days of making dietary changes, your rabbit’s pee color will return to normal. But if you don’t see any improvement, you should visit the vet.

The vet will be able to guide you better and will also prescribe some antibiotics for relieving the bunny. Remember that the time taken by the bunny for recovery depends on the severity of the disease. So if you don’t see immediate changes in your rabbit’s health, then you have to be a little patient and trust the vet’s treatment.

The other reason responsible for the sludgy urine of rabbit is dehydration. When your rabbit doesn’t consume sufficient water, the body will face problems flushing out waste, thus leading to sludgy urine.

What does normal Rabbit pee look like?

Rabbit’s urine in different colors, the color of rabbit’s pee indicates their digestive health. The color of the rabbit’s urine changes frequently, and any dietary changes can change the color of the rabbit’s urine. A rabbit’s urine explains a lot about the health of a rabbit. So let’s understand the different shades of rabbit urine.

Bright Yellow

In an ideal situation when your rabbit is consuming a healthy diet and remains hydrated throughout the day, the color of your rabbit’s urine should be bright yellow. Bright yellow urine indicates that your rabbit doesn’t have any digestion-related disease, and all the urinal organs like bladder and kidney of your rabbit are entirely healthy.


Mainy rabbit owners misinterpret the red color in their rabbit’s urine to blood. Anyone can easily mistake this, but the red color in the rabbit’s pee is the pigmentation of the rabbit’s bladder. Rabbit’s bladder can have pigmentation due to several reasons. For example, a particular food, fruit or veggie, can cause pigmentation. Sometimes a sudden cold can also lead to pigmentation.

If your rabbi is on medication, your rabbits have pigmentation in the bladder due to antibiotics. There is nothing to worry about the pigmentation; just observe what you have recently added to your rabbit’s diet. But if the red color of the rabbit’s urine remains for a prolonged time, consider visiting the vet.


If your rabbit is releasing brown-colored urine, it’s because of bladder pigmentation. The color of your rabbit’s pee also gets brown when rabbits are constipated. Everybody is well aware that rabbits cannot vomit, and due to which the undigested or infectious food cannot come out. The only way to remove waste from the rabbit’s body is to urinate and fascinating.

Milky yellow

Milky yellow urine is a red flag that your rabbit is consuming a lot of calcium, and you need to cut some calcium-rich food from your rabbit’s diet. It is the primary symptom of calciuria and can get cured by making dietary changes. The initial signs of this disease include cloudy urine with chalky residue. Your rabbit may have thick urine if the disease has leveled up. And if your rabbit is having pain and discomfort in urinating, consider visiting the vet, may be the disease has reached its extreme point.


The orange color of urine indicates dehydration in rabbits. When your rabbit is dehydrated, the urine will become more concentrated—regulating the water intake of your bunny can easily resolve the problem. Expose your rabbit to water and make sure that your rabbit is hydrated.


Excessive water intake by the bunny will lead to white-colored urine. When your rabbit is drinking way more water than the requirement, the color of your rabbits’ urine will be white. Drinking plenty of water can be a sign of kidney disease. So if your bunny is drinking too much water, take the poor fellow to the vet.


If the color of your rabbit’s urine is pink, it means that there are traces of blood in the rabbit’s pee. If your rabbit has consumed strawberries or cranberries, then your rabbit will have pink color urine. You should never ignore the pink color of urine and immediately seek medical help for your bunny.

What does blood in a Rabbit’s urine mean?

If your rabbit has dark-colored urine or you notice traces of blood in your rabbit’s pee, then something is off about your health. The best solution to this problem is to take the sample of the rabbit’s pee to the vet and tell the vet about the rabbit’s symptoms and the time your rabbit is likely to have blood in the urine.

Traces of blood in rabbits’ urine is an alarm about your rabbits’ health. Clinically blood in urine is called Hematuria and is used for the traces of blood coming out through urine.

Possible reasons for blood in Rabbit’s urine

Blood in a rabbit’s urine is a red flag about some health issue your bunny is suffering from. There are many reasons why your rabbit has blood in its urine? The most general reasons associated with blood in rabbit’s urine are as follows: –

  • Diabetes
  • Kidney stones or illness or injury in kidneys
  • Stones in Bladder/Cystitis/Crystallization of urine in the bladder
  • Calcium intake in abundance
  • Blood clots
  • Genital trauma
  • A problem in reproductive organs (common in unsprayed middle-aged female rabbits)
  • Cancer

If the blood in urine is followed by distended abdomen, bruising around the bladder, or oversized bladder, then your bunny is likely to have kidney stones. Notice how much blood is released in urine, as too much blood loss can lead to blood deficiency and require blood transfusion. However, it’s one in thousand cases, but still, you should observe your bunny’s blood loss in urine.

The treatment your bunny will be getting depends on the nature of the disease. For instance, if it’s an infection, your bunny needs antibiotics; if it’s stones or some other disease, then your rabbit may need surgery.

How to know whether my Bunny has a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)?

Unusual urinary habits indicate Urinary Tract Infection. If you notice something fishy about urinating habit of your rabbit, then you should keenly observe your bunny and look for the symptoms of UTI. Middle-aged rabbits are prone to UTI, so if your rabbit is around 3 to 5 years or more than that, your bunny is in the risky zone of UTI. Bacterial infections lead to Urinary Tract infections. If you suspect your rabbit of UTI, then you should consider visiting a vet because untreated UTI can have hazardous impacts.

Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection include: –

  • Blood traces in urine
  • Incontinence
  • Frequent unsuccessful efforts of urinating
  • Urine scalding around the tail and legs of your bunny
  • Small dribbles of urine
  • Thick and sludgy urine

UTI is a harrowing experience for your pet, and you should give extra care, love, and time to your pet. If your rabbit is diagnosed with UTI, then there’s nothing to panic about it. Antibiotics can treat a rabbit suffering from UTI. However, you should go for a complete health check-up of your bunny. Though a full body check-up is expensive, it’s necessary for your bunny as UTIs can be the symptoms of some other major hidden disease.

What causes Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)?

There are several reasons responsible for Urinary Tract Infection in rabbits. The following reasons can cause UTI: –

Filthy living area

The unhygienic living area invites bacteria, and that leads to UTI. Like humans, rabbits also need a clean area to live and be healthy. Rabbits are very particular about hygiene; that’s why they do self-grooming. Being a rabbit owner, it’s your responsibility to regularly clean your bunny’s hutch. If you don’t clean your bunny’s living area regularly, filthy living is likely to be the cause.


Some rabbits are lazy brats, and on top of that, rabbits love food. Rabbits love munching hay throughout the day. Not doing enough physical stimulation is also the cause of obesity.


There are many reasons behind your rabbit’s stress. One of them is shifting to some new place, living in a small hutch, the demise of a bonding partner, etc.

Low-fiber diet

Low fibers in your rabbit’s diet can cause Urinary Tract Infection. Rabbits consuming a low fibrous diet are more likely to suffer from UTIs, so if your rabbit consumes more pellets than hay’s, then the bunny is in the risk zone.

Excess of vitamins and calcium

Adding too much calcium and vitamins to your rabbit’s diet can also lead to UTIs. You have to be very mindful about what you are feeding your rabbit. Prefer giving a balanced diet to your rabbit. Don’t limit your bunny’s diet to one food component because excess of anything is bad.

Inability to urinate

If your rabbit has bladder stones, then the poor fellow may struggle in urinating. The stones in the bladder can block the urinary tract leading to the problem while urinating.

What is the reason behind the foul smell of Rabbit urine?

Usually, rabbits have foul-smelling urine. If your rabbit’s urine smells bad, there’s nothing to worry about because it’s natural to them and doesn’t indicate any illness. Unspayed and neutered rabbits are considered to have a very strong smell in their urine. You cannot eliminate the foul smell of rabbit completely, but you can limit the scent by using the following methods:-

You can eliminate the foul smell of your rabbit’s urine to some extent by spaying and neutering your rabbit. Many rabbit owners spay and neuter to control their bunny’s urine foul smell.

Secondly, you can litter train your bunny. Rabbits are very gentle and can easily be litter trained. It would be best to use a rabbit-friendly litter tray without any additional smell. Remember that your bunny will never litter at a place that smells different.

Keep your rabbit’s litter tray clean at least once a day. As I said above, rabbits are very particular about hygiene, and they won’t urinate in a dirty place. You don’t need to clean the whole hutch every time you clean the litter tray. But it would help if you cleaned the litter tray at regular intervals. Clean the urine stains outside the litter tray and remove the urine-stained hay from the litter tray.

Keep some hay in your rabbit’s litter box. Rabbits love munching hay while urinating and defecating. So if you want to ensure that your bunny urinates at one place, then you should place some hay in your bunny’s litter tray. Consider cleaning your bunny’s litter tray with vinegar. The vinegar will remove the scent and calcium residue from the litter tray.

Is it safe for humans to clean Rabbits’ urine?

Rabbit’s urine is safe for human beings, and it is entirely safe for humans to clean rabbit urine. Rabbits have one harmful bug in their urine called Encephalitozoon cuniculi, but it doesn’t affect them as their immunity system is strong enough to beat the problem.

Healthy humans who don’t have any disease can easily handle rabbit urine without any concern. Children and older adults or people who have injuries should not handle rabbits’ urine as they have weak and limited immunity.

Final words

Rabbit’s urine explains a lot about their internal health. Though rabbits are pro at hiding their disease, their urine and facade can tell you a lot about their health. If your rabbit has clean and clear urine, it is nothing to worry about it. If you notice any chalky residue with cloudy urine, then you should limit your bunny’s calcium intake. The diet of rabbits affects the color of their urine; however, color is not very important. Consistency of the rabbit’s Urine is the most important thing because it will tell you whether your bunny has stones or not.

That was all about, “What does rabbit urine indicates about its health?” if you have read this article carefully, then you should be well aware of the red flags given by the rabbit’s urine. For more articles like this, please subscribe to the website. If you have any concerns and questions in your mind, feel free to ask them in the comment section. And don’t forget to share your feedback in the comment section for further improvement. For more rabbit-related tips, do visit the website.

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Peyton Taylor

Hey readers! My name is Peyton Taylor, and I help others to have a great experience with their pets. Nothing compares to the happiness of having a healthy and affectionate pet. My sole purpose is to assist newbies and experienced pet owners to learn more and more about the behavior and character of their pets.

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