November 24, 2022
Rabbits pee and poop

How Often Do Rabbits Pee and Poop?

How often do Rabbits pee and poop – The article will be about the rabbits and how many times they excrete. At the start of the article, there will be a brief about the rabbit. We will explain their food habits, living arrangements, and everything else about the rabbits.

Afterward, we will discuss the normal quantity of pee and poop in the rabbits. We will also discuss the different types of pee and poop in the article. Read the article carefully, and you will be able to know whether your rabbit is pooping normally or it is abnormal.

Rabbits: small mammals

Experts classify these rabbits in the Rodentia order, and further on, the experts classify the rabbits into the Lagomorpha order. Hares and the rabbits have a slight difference between them. The rabbits are the altricial animal while hares are the precocial animals. Rabbits are born blind and do not have hair.

On the other hand, hares are mature and have good vision with many hairs on their body. Among the distinct breeds, the European breed is the most famous species worldwide. People knew about the European breed for a long time as people kept these European breeds as their livestock and pets.

Rabbits Pee and poop

People used to say that rabbits poop each time they hop. And the truth is that rabbits poop more than other pets. Experts say that a rabbit poops at least a hundred poop pellets each day, and they intake a high fiber diet, and they poop a lot because of that. A rabbit urinates between two to eight times in a long day.

It also depends upon the rabbit’s health and age and depends upon the neuter status of the rabbit. When a rabbit abnormally pee or poop, it is a sign of illness in the rabbits. You can take an example of a runny stool or an example of urine trickles, and these two are the symptoms of infection. You should keep an eye check on your rabbits poop and pee as it shows all the rabbits’ signs and symptoms of illness or infection.

What is the Normal amount of pee and poop in Rabbits?

As I said earlier, rabbits pee and poop differ and depend upon the health condition and the age of the rabbits.

  1. A healthy rabbit urinates two to eight times each day, and however, the rabbit’s pee volume can vary from each other. If you take an example of the unneutered male rabbits then, an unneutered male rabbit urinates more than eight times a day.
  2. It also eliminates a small number of cecals ( soft tools). A rabbit owner will rarely be able to see this, and it is because a rabbit eats all of them.
  3. And it eliminates 125 to 200+ fecal pellets each day. These droppings are round, dry, and odorless.
  4. You do not need to worry if your rabbit is slightly different from others. A slight difference among the rabbits is ignorable.
  5. When your rabbits are not pooping or peeing for 24 hours, it is a critical situation, and this situation is very critical as it can be a sign of a health issue.
  6. Suppose if your rabbit is not excreting for the last 24 hours. There is a medical emergency. Take your rabbit to the veterinarian to get the best possible treatment. They will treat them, do all the checkups, and let you know the exact reason behind the health issue.

Different types of poop in the Rabbits

A rabbit can excrete two different types of poop. One is cecals, and the other is droppings. An ideal dropping is 125+ each day. While if we talk about the cecals, a rabbit cecal is hard to see. You won’t see the cecals of the rabbit pooping as a rabbit eats them. Yes, a rabbit eats poop. The rabbits do it because they want to clean their surroundings. The rabbits are one of the cleanest animals. To clean their surroundings, they eat their poop.

Further on, we will tell you the difference between the droppings and the cecals. What do they look like? We will tell you everything about their poops.

Cecals – Cecals are also known as Caecotrophs. The rabbits produce the cecals in their cecum. A cecum is a small pouch between the small intestine and the large intestine, and the cecum has yeast and bacteria in them.

This yeast and the bacteria help the rabbit digestive system break down the matter. If they do not get digested in their stomach, it creates gastric problems in the rabbits. The matter or the food which gets into the cecum breaks it down and transforms the matter into cecals.

Cecals are a type of poop that a rabbit produces by the cecum. It is different from dry fecal pellets. A rabbit left these dry fecal pellets around their living space and in their litter box, but the cecals are more different than this. MSPCA states that a rabbit eats the cecals because they provide the following elements to the rabbits. They provide the rabbits the following.

  1. B-Vitamins
  2. Nitrogen
  3. Microbial proteins
  4. Short-chain fatty acids

A rabbit should live a healthy lifestyle as it is crucial for them. But even after good care of your rabbit, you notice that the cecals of your rabbit are stuck on your rabbit’s bottom, or it is spread all over their cage area. You need to go to the veterinarian for help, and they will treat the rabbit and fulfill all the health requirements.


Fecal pellets are the scientific name for the dropping in a rabbit. These droppings have a small spherical shape. Droppings have a dry texture and will crumble when you squash them. Healthy droppings have little undigested hayes in them. These healthy droppings do not smell at all. So, if your rabbit is healthy, its poop will not smell to you. If it is smelling, they have some problem with their poop.

Rabbit welfare says that a rabbit pooped dark and has very small droppings. It means that they are not well and are ill. A dark-colored poop is a symptom of illness. When a rabbit becomes sick, they excrete dark coloration. It is normal when a rabbit eats fresh grass and excrete dark-colored fecal pellets. And it is normal when they poop dark brown when they eat fresh grass. But not in any other case.

If they have not eaten fresh grasses, they are still pooping with dark color. It means there is some problem with them. The rabbits may be sick, or there may be some underlying disease.

Other than these two types of poop that a rabbit produces, there is one more poop that a rabbit produces, and it is diarrhea. If your rabbit is producing diarrhea, it is a matter of concern. Diarrhea is loose stools, and this diarrhea sometimes threatens life as well. A rabbit can even die if you do not provide immediate treatment and proper care.

Diarrhea in baby Rabbits

In baby rabbits, diarrhea causes an immediate death if not treated immediately. When affected by these diarrhea problems, baby rabbits die in a few hours only. If these baby rabbits get immediate treatment, they can be fine. It causes more problems in the rabbits if compared with the adult rabbit.

An adult rabbit does not suffer severely, but a baby rabbit gets easily affected by the diarrhea problem. It is more prevalent in baby rabbits, and it is because of the following reasons. Sometimes, people take the baby rabbit away from their mother before they get enough antibodies.

A baby rabbit should be with its mother for at least eight weeks, and otherwise, they do not get proper strength and antibodies from their mother. When they separate the baby rabbits from their mother at an early age, before eight months, if they separate the mother and the baby rabbit at an early age, they get easily infected by the inappropriate elements in their surroundings.


When they get the infections, they come in contact with diarrhea problems, and these infections cause diarrhea in them. Other than this, a rabbit can have coccidia. Coccidia is a microscopic, single-celled parasite, and it can also cause diarrhea in rabbits. If you catch the symptoms early, the vet can treat this, and veterinarians can treat this parasitic infection using antibiotics.

We know that baby rabbits look so adorable that we can not help touching them. We usually cuddle and kiss the baby rabbits when we see them. But it would be best if you did not kiss them.

Why can a human not touch a baby Rabbit?

You should not cuddle with the baby rabbits because humans have Escherichia coli bacteria in them. This Escherichia coli bacteria is dangerous for a baby rabbit and fatal for the rabbits. Whenever you are touching your baby rabbit, you should always wash your hands. Make sure to disinfect your hands before you touch your newborn rabbit. It would be best not to kiss your rabbit, at least until they are well developed.

Suppose you decide to adopt a newborn rabbit. You should not adopt a newborn baby rabbit as they bring too many issues. A baby whom you are adopting should be at least eight months old. Sometimes some breeders sell baby rabbits. However, if you see or meet any breeders, you should inform them first about the practice. You should inform them that the practice is not good and is dangerous for baby rabbits. Before touching the baby rabbit, you should ensure that your hands are clean and disinfected.

Runny tools

An adult rabbit rarely gets infected by diarrhea disease, and these adult rabbits sometimes develop loose tools. Below are some factors that can cause loose tools in rabbits.

Arthritis problem and obesity

If your bunny is finding it hard to move around and if your rabbit cannot move around easily. The rabbits will not be able to eat the cecals, and when the rabbits will not eat that. The rabbits will sit over them and squash them. When the rabbits squash them, it will look like a runny tool.

However, these are not true runny tools. Obesity in rabbits involves too many adverse effects. These adverse effects include sticky bottom syndrome, heart disease, lipidosis, hepatic, etc. The risk factors include inadequate diet, available food, underlying health situations, etc. Obesity is one of those health problems which has long-lasting complications.

Symptoms of the obesity problem include sticky bottom syndrome, pododermatitis, etc.

Urinary tract disorders – Suppose your rabbit will have some urinary tract disorder. It will slow down the movement in the intestine, and it does not only slows down the movement in the intestine, but it also disrupts the balance of the bacteria and the yeast in the rabbit’s cecum. When the balance in the cecum disrupts, the rabbits feel difficulty producing cecals.

Hayes – A rabbit always needs something to chew. It would be best to give the rabbits hayes Or timothy hayes to eat. It keeps them fit and healthy. Also, it keeps their GI tract healthy. When they do not get something to chew, it involves too many other health risks. The rabbit’s gut muscles will get sluggish.

It disbalances the delicate balance of the yeast and the bacteria in the cecum. When the balance gets distracted, it leads to a health problem called cecal dysbiosis. Cecal dysbiosis is a health condition in which rabbits produce some runny tools rather than firm cecals.

Starchy food

Some food available in the market is too fatty for the rabbits. Some biscuits, bread, and crisps contain too many digestible carbohydrates. It means that these food items go through the Gastrointestinal tract (GI), creating runny poos in the rabbits.

Other than these food items, mueslis of poor quality affect their health badly and cause runny poos in the rabbits. Avoid giving your rabbits high in carbohydrates, and do not feed your rabbit poor quality mueslis as they can also cause runny poos in the rabbits.

Other health problems

Other than the above health conditions, a rabbit can have runny poo. A rabbit can have runny poos when they have dental problems, and head tilt is another reason which can cause runny poos in the rabbits.

Why is my rabbit pooping excessively?

Your rabbit poops when you change their diet plan. Even if you change your rabbit’s diet plan, the rabbits can have excessive poop. A small change in your rabbits can cause runny poop in your rabbit, and it can increase the volume of poop in your rabbit. If your rabbit is pooping a lot, it is not a matter of concern.

But if your rabbit is pooping them differently, there is something wrong. The following are the causes for concern in the rabbits. Suppose your rabbit is pooping very tiny droppings. You should be very serious about the condition and go to the veterinarian. There is a concern when the rabbit is pooping black or red droppings.

Diet plan of a healthy and fit rabbit

As we know, a rabbit has a very delicate digestive tract. An adequate diet is essential for rabbits. A diet plan of a healthy rabbit includes a lot of green hayes, and among all the hayes, timothy hayes are ideal and best to feed to your rabbit. You should add one to two cups of veggies to your food diet.

Give them unlimited water to drink. You can give them pellets to eat but always feed them pellets in a limited amount only. A rabbit needs something to chew every time. Hay is the most crucial food that a rabbit should eat. When they chew these timothy hayes almost all the time, it helps the rabbit mobilize the gut muscles.

These muscles help to push the food in the rabbit’s gastrointestinal tract. When it mobilizes the gut muscles, it helps to ensure the cecum’s health, or we can say that gut muscles keep the cecum healthy. In the end, it helps in preventing cecal dysbiosis in rabbits.

You should not feed the processed food to your rabbit as it causes digestive problems. There are some fruits such as apple flesh which you can give to your rabbit to eat. But you can give these fruits to your rabbit as an occasional treat only.

If you want to give your rabbit a treat, you can give them some Brussel sprouts. A sudden change in your rabbit’s diet can cause some health issues in your rabbit, so if you want to change the diet plan of your rabbit. You can change their diet slowly and steadily.

How many times a day does a rabbit urinate?

A normal or a healthier rabbit urinates between two to eight times in one long day. The volume of the urination depends upon the quantity of the drink they intake and other things. When a rabbit becomes sick or ill, the rabbits stop urinating.

How you can check the rabbit’s urination must be coming into your mind. The quickest and easiest way is to line the newspaper in the litter box, and you will be able to examine their urine. You will not miss anything.

What are the problems which an owner should look for in their rabbit?

Below are some issues which you should take care of. The following are a matter of concern for you.

Suppose your rabbit is urinating less than they usually urinate even if they are intaking the same amount of water. It is common for a rabbit to urinate more during hot weather. The reason behind urinating more in the hot weather is that the rabbits drink more water in the hot weather, and drinking a lot of water will enable them to urinate more.

Suppose your rabbit is whimpering or crying to pass their urine. It can be a matter of concern for you.

Even the small patch of rabbits Urine, also known as a trickle, shows that your rabbit has some urine infection.

If your rabbit is urinating sludgy urine, it is a matter of concern for you. Because a rabbit contains calcium in high amounts, their urine looks cloudy and white. It is normal for the rabbits to urinate white and cloudy. But it is a matter of concern if your rabbit is urinating sludgy and grainy calcium deposits whole they urinate.

Also, if you are noticing blood flecks in your rabbit’s urine, do not get confused with the red urine. A rabbit urinates, which is red when they eat beetroot.

If you want to check their urine regularly, you should use some colored paper or even use a newspaper. However, dark-colored paper can not fulfill your requirements.

Pee color

The urine of rabbits can be of distinct colors such as purple, red, brown, yellow, white, etc. When a rabbit eats a beetroot, its urine color becomes red. And when a rabbit eats a cabbage, they urinate, which has a purple color, but when your rabbit urinates they have red patches in them.

You should see a doctor as the red patches could be blood. Apart from this, if your rabbit is urinating orange or brown pee, you should give them enough water to drink even more. Rabbit needs to drink more water when they are urinating brown or orange.

As stated earlier also, it is normal for a rabbit to urinate cloudy, but if your rabbit is urinating sludgy. You should be concerned for your rabbit because sludgy urine is not normal or common in rabbits.

Urinary tract disease

Urinary tract disease, also known as UTD, is a pervasive disease in rabbits. If you want to check whether your rabbit has a UTD problem or not, you can check their urine. The first symptoms will be visible in their urine only.

As an owner of a rabbit, you should be aware of all the symptoms that a rabbit shows when having urinary tract disease. It should update you with your rabbit’s health condition, especially their urine health. Below are some UTD’s that you may see in your rabbits.

Kidney disease

When a rabbit gets affected with some kidney disease, a rabbit can face painful and straining urination in the rabbits. Trauma, diabetes, and infection cause kidney diseases in a rabbit.

Kidney stones

When a rabbit excretes sludgy urine, it develops kidney stones in them. These kidney stones are very excruciating for rabbits. When the kidney stone develops in a rabbit, it stops the rabbit from peeing.

Sludgy urine

When it builds up calcium in their urinary tract, a rabbit causes sludgy urine in the rabbits. People believed that a rabbit should not have a high calcium diet before experts proved it to be a wrong conception.

Bacterial cystitis

Bacterial cystitis is a bladder infection that occurs in rabbits. Bacteria such as Pseudomonas spp or Escherichia coli cause these bladder infections in a rabbit. When a rabbit urinates while having a bladder infection, it smells hard, and the rabbits also produce small trickles when they urinate.

The treatment for almost all UTD’s is available nowadays, but it is crucial to detect the symptoms early. If an owner does not detect it at the early stage of a rabbit’s life, it can create severe health issues.

How can we promote good urinary health?

Below are some ways using which we can promote good urinary health.

Hay and grass

An owner should feed their rabbit enough hay and grass. They can give them timothy hay to eat. Timothy hay has a lot of benefits, such as it helps the rabbit cut their short teeth. You can give your rabbit oats and orchard to eat other than timothy hayes.

Stress reduction

A reduction in a rabbit’s stress can encourage them to live a healthy life. Stressful life for a rabbit also gives them a reason to live happily. It forces the rabbits to completely vacay the bladder when they are urinating. It would be best if you always tried to reduce the stress and make them feel comfortable.

Muscle relaxant

If your rabbit is going through some pain or in a condition such as arthritis etc. When a rabbit goes through arthritis, muscle relaxants will help them improve their mobility. It assures you that your rabbit will stay healthy and dirt-free.

Exercises and running

A rabbit should do enough exercise and do these exercises regularly. These regular exercises and playing will help your rabbit protect themselves from UTIs.

Cleanliness in the rabbits surrounding

A rabbit owner should regularly clean the rabbit’s cage. If you regularly disinfect the cage of your rabbit. Clean their litter box, their water bowl, and eating bowl regularly.

It will prevent your rabbit from several infections that a rabbit gets from its unclean surroundings. When you clean the cage regularly, it will minimize the bacterias in the cage. Also, if the rabbit finds their litter box clean, the rabbits vacay their bladder completely.


A rabbit should not compromise on this. A rabbit needs to be hydrated completely, and dehydration can cause urinary infection and inflammation in the rabbits.

If your rabbit is excreting sludgy urine, you should not deduct the calcium from your rabbit’s diet.

It was a misconception by the people, but people now know that sludge urination is not a result of a high calcium intake in rabbits. However, sludge urination is a result of a metabolic concern. Suppose if you started cutting down the amount of calcium from your rabbit’s diet, the rabbits would start leaching calcium from their bones.

So, you should not cut the calcium quantity from your rabbit’s diet. It will adversely affect your rabbit instead of applying your home remedies to your rabbit if you do it. Take your rabbit to the veterinarian as soon as you find the symptoms of bad urination in your rabbit.

How to do healthy elimination in rabbits and symptoms of a medical emergency?

A rabbit needs immediate medical assistance when not pee or poop for more than 24 hours. Suppose your rabbit is suffering from runny poo or diarrhea. It means that there is a medical emergency. This diarrhea and runny poo is not a common problem, and you should never ignore these issues in rabbits.

If your rabbit shows some similar symptoms, take your rabbit immediately for treatment. When rabbits produce cecals, it smells hard. Most of the time, you will not see the Cecals because they eat them. Yes, a rabbit eats poop to clean its surroundings. Suppose your rabbit is not eating them.

There must be some problem with your rabbit. Take your rabbit to the vet and see a doctor for medical help. If your rabbit’s pee is colorful then, it is normal. But if your rabbit is urinating with red patches or excreting sludge urine, it is not normal, and you should not ignore it. A rabbit should poop 125, dropping at least in a day. The rabbit’s poop should look circular or gray or brown, and it should be hard to touch.

Final words

The article was all about the pee and poop that rabbits do. A slight change in the rabbit’s diet plan can change the volume of their poop. It has all the basic information about the rabbits at the very start of the article. After giving you a brief introduction to the article, we have described the different types of poop that a rabbit can produce. After this, we have a brief introduction to a rabbit’s diet. I hope you like the article, and if you like it, you may leave the comments below in the comments section. Also, if you have any suggestions or queries regarding the article, you may write them down.

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Peyton Taylor

Hey readers! My name is Peyton Taylor, and I help others to have a great experience with their pets. Nothing compares to the happiness of having a healthy and affectionate pet. My sole purpose is to assist newbies and experienced pet owners to learn more and more about the behavior and character of their pets.

View all posts by Peyton Taylor →

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